Vol. 2, No. 5 (September 2014)


Why To Use Short Stories in Speaking and Listening Classes?

Mr. Abbas Khorashadyzadeh, University of Isfahan and Ministry of Education, Iran

International Journal of Foreign Language Teaching in the Islamic World (FLTJ), 2(5), 5-10.      Download Full Text


Foreign Language Teaching researchers are searching for effective ways of improving learners’ oral skills. This study wants to investigate the effects of reading short stories on EFL learners’ speaking and listening skills. To this aim, two groups of experimental (n=20) and control (n=20) were chosen out of 172 sophomores at teacher training center, Birjand, Iran for this experimental research. Interview was the determined instrument for gathering the scores of pretest. The control group followed its routine procedure in English classes. However, the task of reading simplified literary texts (short stories) was applied for the experimental group members during their English classes as assignment. For example, they were supposed to read the stories and summarize them in front of the mirror at their home and in front of the class in next session and answer their classmates’ questions. This experiment occurred in 9 sessions of classes. Then, all students in both groups answered the questions of the interviewer. The statistical analysis related to t-test was done on gathered raw scores. Data from this study demonstrate a significant role for reading simplified short stories in improving the speaking and listening skills of participants in the experimental group. The findings of this study may help the learners to enhance their independent English language learning and improve their oral skills by reading short stories. All steps of this study will also be beneficial for EFL teachers who are searching ways of improving speaking and listening of their students.

Key words: Speaking skill; Listening skill; Literary texts; Reading; Short story


Philosophy of life and death in the poetry of Muammad Iqbāl

Prof. Salahuddin Mohd. Shamsuddin, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Dr. Mat Taib Pa, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Dr. Mohd Zaki Abd Rahman, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

International Journal of Foreign Language Teaching in the Islamic World (FLTJ), 2(5), 11-19.      Download Full Text


This article contains the reality of the human-self, its relation to the body, its purpose and its final destiny. The self is the principle of life and thought together. It is a distinct fact from the body. Iqbāl is one of those philosophers who have studied the reality of human-self, its life and death. The essence of his idea is that the life and death are two sides of one fact. He says: "If the death can erase everything is done in the life, it cannot be a comprehensive system for all the mankind." He confirms that the emotional images do not degrade by the death, because they are not material. He calls the mankind to strengthen his feelings and conscience, which is the source of education for the human-self, because it has a central role in its education. He finds that it cannot be strengthened but by the adoration.

Key words: Life; Death; Self; Spirit; Isthmus; Immortality



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